If you want to replace your regular cigarettes with electronic cigarettes, you need to get some e-liquid. This liquid, also called e-juice, is what vaping devices heat to produce the vapour inhaled by vapers.

When you buy quality e-liquid, the ingredients should be listed on the label of each bottle. Generally speaking, most brands of e-liquid contain four main ingredients: vegetable glycerin, propylene glycol, nicotine, and flavourings. Those should be pure pharmaceutical-grade ingredients or food-grade additives.

The e liquid you choose will influence your vaping experience. Of course, trying out different e-juice can be exciting, but you also get to choose how much nicotine you want to vape and whether you want a sharp throat hit or a smooth feeling in your mouth followed by big vapour clouds.

Let’s learn more about e-liquid to know exactly what you consume.

1. Vegetable glycerin

What is it? Vegetable glycerin, known to vapers as VG, is a chemical derived from vegetable oils. It isn’t an oil but a sugar alcohol. It’s thick and dense, colourless, and has a mild sweet taste.

What does it do? An e-liquid with a high VG content will result in a smooth throat sensation and big vapour clouds. If this is what you want, choose an e-liquid with a high VG to PG ratio.

Is it safe? Vegetable glycerin is not linked to any health problem, and in fact, some food items and medicines contain this ingredient. It can also be found in toothpaste, makeup, soap, hand cream, bubble bath, and pet food, among other things.

People who are allergic to coconut or palm oil might want to avoid VG. Apart from a possible allergic reaction, VG can leave you with a dry mouth and a sore throat, so you should drink plenty of water while you are vaping.

2. Propylene glycol

What is it? Propylene glycol, or PG, is a petroleum by-product which is less dense than VG. It’s an alcohol that is nearly odourless. It has a faint sweet taste, but it carries e-liquid flavourings more effectively than VG.

What does it do? An e-liquid with a high PG content will produce a sharp throat hit, which can feel similar to smoking a regular cigarette. Since PG is a flavouring carrier in some food products, e-liquid with high PG will have a stronger flavour. High PG will produce less vapour, perfect for vapers who want to be discreet.

Is it safe? Propylene glycol is considered safe to consume orally and inhale, although it can cause dehydration and a sore throat, just like VG.

PG is commonly found in toothpaste, makeup, baby wipes, shampoo, anti-freeze, etc. It’s also used as an additive in food and medicines to keep them moist.

3. Nicotine

What is it? If you were a smoker before turning to vape, you are probably very familiar with nicotine. This chemical compound, which is present in the tobacco plant, is what gets people addicted to smoking or vaping.

What does it do? Choosing an e-liquid that contains a high amount of nicotine will help you satisfy your nicotine cravings and give you a good throat hit. You can choose how much nicotine you want in your e-liquid, and it’s even possible to buy e-liquid with no nicotine at all.

This can be helpful to you if your goal is to gradually reduce your nicotine intake, as you can then choose a lower nicotine content each time you get a new e-juice.

Is it safe? Even though nicotine is an addictive drug, the toxic chemicals present in tobacco and cigarette smoke can cause different health issues, including fatal lung disease. Consuming nicotine through vaping is considered safer for your health since you avoid the chemicals in regular cigarettes.

4. Flavourings

What is it? Flavourings are what make e-liquid so appealing. You can vape e-liquid containing various flavours, including fruits, desserts, and beverages. The flavourings present in e-liquid are usually quality food-grade additives.

What does it do? Flavourings make vaping fun, and part of the fun is experimenting with different flavours to find your favourite one. And even if you find your favourite flavour, you might still want to try new ones from time to time.

Is it safe? Some flavours are food additives that are considered safe to eat but not to inhale. However, e-liquid manufacturers are constantly improving their offerings by using ingredients that are safe to inhale, so you can enjoy your vaping experience without being concerned about your health.

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