The business world is rapidly and constantly changing, and so are the types of work schedules available.
A work schedule shows the specific periods an employee is required to work. With the wide variety of options available for work schedules, it’s easy to get confused. Each work schedule goes by a specific term, and the total hours of work vary.
Choosing the right types of work schedules is critical. An efficient work schedule provides the work/life balance many employees are seeking and results in a much happier team. However, the schedule must also work for your business.
Employees value a work schedule that’s beneficial, flexible, predictable and fair. The following are ten different types of work schedules:
Type #1: Standard work schedules
In this schedule, employees work for a set time and days. This is from 9 am to 5 pm, Monday to Friday. Due to its predictability, this schedule allows employees to plan.
Type #2: Fixed work schedules
These types of work schedules are similar to a standard work schedule. The only difference is that in a fixed schedule, the set time and days can alternate. For example, an employee is expected to work from Tuesday to Saturday from 10 am to 6 pm. This schedule makes it easy for the employer to calculate the cost of labour and allows both employers and employees them to make long-term plans.
In a fixed schedule, the employer doesn’t need to change the template every time they create a new schedule. It’s easy to create since the working hours are specific for each day, week and month.
Type #3: Flexible work schedules
In this schedule, employees are expected to work core hours in the office, and the rest wherever they choose. Employees often view these types of work schedules as a considerable work benefit.
For an employer, this schedule can be challenging, especially when there’s a need to plan meetings or other functions since the employees come and go as they want. In case the employer encounters an emergency, they might need to send out emails and texts since it can be hard to find the employees and meet them face to face unexpectedly. It’s best for employers to implement employee staffing software to help them manage these types of work schedules.
Type #4: Full-time work schedules
With these types of work schedules, employees are expected to work for about 37-40 hours a week irrespective of how many days they work. It provides predictability and stability for the employees and their employers.
The employees can come up with a schedule that fits them, but they must ensure they log in the number of hours agreed upon every week.
Type #5: Part-time work schedules
In a part-time schedule, the employees are expected to work fewer hours than in a full-time schedule. This means they will only work approximately two days every week. This schedule doesn’t work for all types of businesses, especially those that rely on predictability.
If an employer decides to work with part-time employees only, they need to hire a bigger workforce.
Type #6: Freelance work schedules
This is a relatively new work schedule in which an employee is given a set deadline. They work whenever they want as long as they complete the assigned task on time.
If the employee is dedicated and can deliver on time, this schedule is quite easy to manage for both parties. However, a freelance schedule means companies relinquish control over a worker’s days and times spent working. The workers also need to have more focus to finish tasks without supervision and direction.
Type #7: Shift work schedules
This is one of the most common types of work schedules that best suits a business that works around the clock. As a result, the employees might end up working irregular hours. The employer sets different work shifts of eight hours each. The most common is early, day and late-night shifts.
The early and late-night shifts are ideal for employees who have to go to school or take care of their families. Most employees, however, prefer the standard work schedule.
Type #8: Compressed work schedules
In a compressed schedule, employees work for the same amount of hours as in a 9-5 schedule, but fewer days. For example, an employee can work from Monday to Thursday for ten hours, then take the rest of the week off.
This schedule makes it easy for an employer to plan and calculate the total labour cost. The employees can plan adequately since they know they have extra days off to take care of personal issues.
Type #9: Unpredictable work schedules
An unpredictable schedule changes from time to time. These types of work schedules don’t follow a specific pattern. With an unpredictable schedule, it’s difficult for employees to plan their normal activities since they cannot be sure when they might be required to go to work. It’s also challenging for employers since they have to create a template every so often to conform to the unpredictability of this schedule.
Type #10: Rotating work schedules
In a rotating schedule, employees work in shifts. For example, an employee can work for an early shift of eight hours for one week then work night shifts the next week. These shifts are reset by their employer every week. For some professions such as nursing, a rotating schedule is necessary.