A prosthodontist is a dental specialist with additional training for oral surgery and the use of oral prostheses. Some of the oral prostheses used by a prosthodontist include dental implants, mandibular resections and soft palate obturators for speech. A prosthodontist treats a variety of oral conditions, including these four common oral health concerns.

1. Bruxism

Bruxism, which is also called teeth grinding, is a common problem in many people. It is associated with malocclusion and sleep apnea. When a person grinds their teeth, the enamel gets worn and erodes. The teeth may crack from the excess pressure. When cracked teeth have to be removed, the prosthodontist may replace them with dental implants. In the interim, patients might be outfitted with a night guard to reduce dental trauma from teeth grinding during sleep.

2. Osteonecrosis of the Jaw

Osteonecrosis of the jaw is a condition in which the bone cells of the jaw die and are not replaced by the body. The loss of jaw bone mass may cause changes to the person’s ability to chew and speak. Decreased jaw bone mass may also change the shape of the face and affect the strength of the bite. Loss of the bone mass may make it difficult for a dental implant to be placed. The prosthodontist may perform a tissue graft in order to generate new bone growth. Once the new bone is integrated with the jaw, dental implants Toronto can be placed.

3. Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

Temporomandibular joint disorder is a complex issue. It causes diverse symptoms such as facial pain, headaches, eye pain and loss of range of motion of the jaws. People with temporomandibular joint disorder may experience problems such as cracked molars, worn enamel and a loss of cartilage in the joint. A prosthodontist may perform surgery to relieve pressure on the temporomandibular joint. If the condition has caused the person to lose a tooth, the dentist may replace the lost tooth or teeth with dental implants.

4. Occlusal Trauma

Occlusal trauma refers to facial, jaw and tooth injuries. This type of trauma could happen as a result of an auto accident, slip and fall accident or getting hit in the face. These acute head injuries include a fractured jaw, a tooth getting knocked out of its socket or blunt force injuries to the soft or hard palate. A person with occlusal trauma may need surgery in order to repair damage to the jaw bones, palates or soft tissue. A root canal or tooth extraction may be required for a severely damaged tooth. If a tooth is knocked out and cannot be replaced with oral surgery, a dental implant my be needed.

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